On Monday, August 19, the Cisco Talos research team disclosed eight security vulnerabilities in Google’s Nest Cam IQ, a high-end security indoor camera ( IoT device). These vulnerabilities allow hackers to take over the camera, prevent its use or allow code execution.
The two researchers, Lilith Wyatt and Claudio Bozzato, said that these eight vulnerabilities apply to version 4620002 of the Nest Cam IQ indoor device and were located in the Nest implementation of the Weave protocol. The Weave protocol is designed specifically for communications among Internet of Things or IoT devices.
Nest, on the other hand, has provided a firmware update that the company says will fix the vulnerabilities. Nest says that these updates will happen automatically if the user’s camera is connected to the internet.
The researchers in their official statement said, “Nest Cam IQ Indoor primarily uses the Weave protocol for setup and initial communications with other Nest devices over TCP, UDP, Bluetooth, and 6lowpan.” “It is important to note that while the weave-tool binary also lives on the camera and is vulnerable, it is not normally exploitable as it requires a local attack vector (i.e. an attacker-controlled file) and the vulnerable commands are never directly run by the camera,” they further added.
The eight vulnerabilities in Google Nest Cam IQ
TCP connection denial-of-service vulnerability
This vulnerability (CVE-2019-5043) is an exploitable denial-of-service vulnerability that exists in the Weave daemon of the Nest Cam IQ Indoor, version 4620002. A set of TCP connections can cause unrestricted resource allocation, resulting in a denial of service. An attacker can connect multiple times to trigger this vulnerability.
Legacy pairing information disclosure vulnerability
This exploitable information disclosure vulnerability (CVE-2019-5034) exists in the Weave legacy pairing functionality of the Nest Cam IQ Indoor, version 4620002. A set of specially crafted Weave packets can cause an out-of-bounds read, resulting in information disclosure.
PASE pairing brute force vulnerability
This vulnerability (CVE-2019-5035) exists in the Weave PASE pairing functionality of the Nest Cam IQ Indoor, version 4620002. Here, a set of specially crafted weave packets can brute force a pairing code, resulting in greater Weave access and potentially full device control.
KeyError denial-of-service vulnerability
This vulnerability (CVE-2019-5036) exists in the Weave error reporting functionality of the Nest Cam IQ Indoor, version 4620002. Here, a specially crafted weave packet can cause an arbitrary Weave Exchange Session to close, resulting in a denial of service.
This vulnerability (CVE-2019-5037) exists in the Weave certificate loading functionality of the Nest Cam IQ Indoor camera, version 4620002, where a specially crafted weave packet can cause an integer overflow and an out-of-bounds read to occur on unmapped memory, resulting in a denial of service.
Tool Print-TLV code execution vulnerability
This exploitable command execution vulnerability (CVE-2019-5038) exists in the print-tlv command of Weave tools. Here, a specially crafted weave TLV can trigger a stack-based buffer overflow, resulting in code execution. An attacker can trigger this vulnerability by convincing the user to open a specially crafted Weave command.
ASN1Writer PutValue code execution vulnerability
This exploitable command execution vulnerability (CVE-2019-5039) exists in the ASN1 certificate writing functionality of Openweave-core, version 4.0.2. Here, a specially crafted weave certificate can trigger a heap-based buffer overflow, resulting in code execution. An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by tricking the user into opening a specially crafted Weave.
DecodeMessageWithLength information disclosure vulnerability
This vulnerability (CVE-2019-5040) exists in the Weave MessageLayer parsing of Openweave-core, version 4.0.2 and the Nest Cam IQ Indoor, version 4620002. A specially crafted weave packet can cause an integer overflow to occur, resulting in PacketBuffer data reuse.
In a statement to ZDNet, Google said, “We’ve fixed the disclosed bugs and started rolling them out to all Nest Camera IQs. The devices will update automatically so there’s no action required from users.”
To know more about this news in detail, read Cisco Talos’ official blog post.