Roles and Permissions in Moodle Administration: Part1

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Moodle’s PreDefined Roles

Moodle comes with a number of predefined roles. These standard roles are suitable for some educational setups, but most institutions require modifications to the roles’ system in order to tailor Moodle to their specific needs.

Each role has permissions for a number of actions that can be carried out in Moodle. For example, an administrator and a course creator are able to create new courses, whereas all other roles are denied this right. Likewise, a teacher is allowed to moderate forums, whereas students are only allowed to contribute to them.

The description of each standard role and the short names (that are used internally and in operations such as user batch upload) given by Moodle are listed in the table that follows:

Role

Description

Short Name

Administrator

Administrators have full access to the entire site and to all courses.

admin

Course Creator

Course creators can create new courses and also teach in them.

coursecreator

Teacher

Teachers can do anything within a course, including changing activities and grading students.

editingteacher

Non-editing Teacher

Non-editing teachers can teach in courses and grade students, but not alter any activities.

teacher

Student

Students are able to perform allocated tasks which include resources and activities, among others.

student

Guest

Guests have minimal privileges and usually cannot enter text anywhere.

guest

Authenticated User

Additional role given once logged in. It is an exception role and is mostly used by Moodle internally.

user

Before we can actually do anything with roles, we need to understand the concept of contexts, which is dealt with next.

Contexts

Contexts are the areas in Moodle where roles can be assigned to users. A role can be assigned within different contexts. A user has a role in any given context, where a context can be a course, an activity module, a user, a block, or Moodle itself. Moodle comes with the following seven contexts that you will come across a lot in this article.

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