On August 23, Jonathan Turner, an Azure SDK developer introduced a new shell written in Rust, called Nushell or ‘Nu’. This Rust-based shell is inspired by the “classic Unix philosophy of pipelines, the structured data approach of PowerShell, functional programming, systems programming, and more,” Turner writes in his official blog.
The idea of Nushell struck when Turner’s friend Yehuda Yatz demonstrated the working of Powershell. Yatz asked Turner if he could join in his project “we could take the ideas of a structured shell and make it more functional (as opposed to object-oriented)? What if, like PowerShell, it worked on Windows, Linux, and macOS? What if it had great error messages?”
Turner highlights the fact that “everything in Nu is data”; this means when a user tries other commands and realize that they are using the same commands to filter, to sort, etc. Rather than having the need to remember all the parameters to all the commands, they can just use the same verbs to act over our data, regardless of where the data came from.
Nu also understands structured text files like JSON, TOML, YAML, and allows users to manipulate their data, and much more. “You get used to using the verbs, and then you can use them on anything. When you’re ready, you can write it back to disk,” Turner writes.
Nu also supports opening and looking at the text and binary data. On opening a source file, users can scroll around in a syntax-highlighted file. Further on opening an xml, they can look at its data. They can even open a binary file and look at what’s inside.
Turner mentions that there is a lot one might want to explore with Nushell. Hence, the team has released Nu with the ability to extend it with plugins. Nu will look for these plugins in your path, and load them up on startup.
Rust language is the major backbone for this project and Nushell would not have been possible without Rust, Turner exclaims. Nu internally uses async/await, async streams, and employs liberal use of “serde” to manage serializing and deserializing into the common data format and to communicate with plugins.
Nushell GitHub page reads, “This project has reached a minimum-viable product level of quality. While contributors dogfood it as their daily driver, it may be instable for some commands. Future releases will work fill out missing features and improve stability. Its design is also subject to change as it matures.”
The team will further work towards stability, the ability to use Nu as the main shell, the ability to write functions and scripts in Nu, and much more. Users can also read the book on Nu, available in both English and Spanish language.