We’re firmly past the days when jQuery was considered fancy. This year it wasn’t a question of whether we were using a framework – instead we’ve mostly been tearing our hair out trying to decide which one fits where. But whether you’re pinning your colours to Backbone or Angular, Node or PHP, there have been some clear trends in how the web is changing.
Here’s Packt’s countdown of the top seven ways web tech has grown this year. If you weren’t thinking about these things in 2014, then it might be time to get up to speed before 2015 overtakes you!
Responsive Web Design
Here at Packt we’ve seen a big increase in people thinking about responsive design right from the beginning of their projects, and no wonder. In 2014 mobile devices crossed the line and outstripped traditional computers as the main way in which people browse the web. We glimpse the web now through many screens in a digital hall of mirrors. The sites we built in 2014 had to be equally accessible whether users were on IE8 at the library, or tweeting from their Android while base jumping.
The MEAN stack
Did you know that all the knowledge available in the whole world before 1800 compresses to fewer bytes than Twitter streams in a minute? Actually, I just made that up. But it is true that we are generating and storing data at an increasingly hectic rate. When it comes to making visual sense of it, web tech has had a big role to play. D3 continued to hold its own as one of the most important tools in web development this year. We’ve all been thinking visually about charts and infographics. Which brings us to…
The internet we built in 2014 was flat and stripy, and it’s wonderful. Google’s unveiling of Material Design at this year’s I/O conference cemented the trend we’d all been seeing. Simple vector graphics, CSS animations and a mature code-based approach to visuals has swept the scene. There are naysayers of course (and genuine questions about accessibility, which we’ll be blogging about next year) but overall this aesthetic feels mature. Like moments in traditional architecture, 2014 felt like a year in which we cemented a recognisable design era.
Testing and build tools
Cross-platform hybrid apps
All in all, it’s been an exciting year. Happy New Year, and here’s to our new adventures in 2015!